Informe sobre la epidemia mundial de SIDA, 2004

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Cuadro comparativo de las estimaciones y datos sobre el VIH/SIDA por países, final de 2003 y de 2001



La vigilancia mundial del VIH/SIDA y de las infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS) es una iniciativa mixta de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) y del Programa Conjunto de las Naciones Unidas sobre el VIH/SIDA (ONUSIDA). El Grupo de Trabajo ONUSIDA/OMS sobre Vigilancia Mundial del VIH/SIDA y de las ITS, establecido en 1996, es el mecanismo principal de coordinación y ejecución por medio del cual el ONUSIDA y la OMS reúnen la mejor información disponible y ayudan a mejorar la calidad de los datos necesarios para la adopción de decisiones bien informada y para la planificación a los niveles nacional, regional y mundial. Las estimaciones que aparecen en este cuadro fueron obtenidas por el Grupo de Trabajo, en estrecha colaboración con los programas nacionales del SIDA y muchos otros asociados.

  1. Número estimado de personas que vivían con el VIH
Adultos y niños, final de 2003 Adultos y niños, final de 2001 Adultos (15-49), final de 2003
País Estimación [estimación baja –
estimación alta]
Estimación [estimación baja –
estimación alta]
Estimación [estimación baja –
estimación alta]
Total mundial 37,800,000 [34,600,000 - 42,300,000] 34,900,000 [32,000,000 - 39,000,000] 35,700,000 [32,700,000 - 39,800,000]
África subsahariana 25,000,000 [23,100,000 - 27,900,000] 23,800,000 [22,000,000 - 26,600,000] 23,100,000 [21,400,000 - 25,700,000]
Angola 240,000 [97,000 - 600,000] 220,000 [86,000 - 550,000] 220,000 [88,000 - 540,000]
Benin 68,000 [38,000 - 120,000] 65,000 [36,000 - 110,000] 62,000 [35,000 - 110,000]
Botswana * 350,000 [330,000 - 380,000] 350,000 [330,000 - 380,000] 330,000 [310,000 - 340,000]
Burkina Faso * 300,000 [190,000 - 470,000] 280,000 [180,000 - 440,000] 270,000 [170,000 - 420,000]
Burundi 250,000 [170,000 - 370,000] 240,000 [160,000 - 360,000] 220,000 [150,000 - 320,000]
Camerún * 560,000 [390,000 - 810,000] 530,000 [370,000 - 770,000] 520,000 [360,000 - 740,000]
Rep. Centroafricana 260,000 [160,000 - 410,000] 250,000 [150,000 - 400,000] 240,000 [150,000 - 380,000]
Chad 200,000 [130,000 - 300,000] 190,000 [120,000 - 290,000] 180,000 [120,000 - 270,000]
Comoras
Congo 90,000 [39,000 - 200,000] 90,000 [39,000 - 200,000] 80,000 [34,000 - 180,000]
Rep. Dem. del Congo ** 1,100,000 [450,000 - 2,600,000] 1,100,000 [430,000 - 2,500,000] 1,000,000 [410,000 - 2,400,000]
Côte d’Ivoire 570,000 [390,000 - 820,000] 510,000 [350,000 - 740,000] 530,000 [370,000 - 750,000]
Djibouti 9,100 [2,300 - 24,000] 8,100 [2,400 - 23,000] 8,400 [2,100 - 21,000]
Eritrea 60,000 [21,000 - 170,000] 61,000 [22,000 - 160,000] 55,000 [19,000 - 150,000]
Etiopia 1,500,000 [950,000 - 2,300,000] 1,300,000 [820,000 - 2,000,000] 1,400,000 [890,000 - 2,100,000]
Gabon 48,000 [24,000 - 91,000] 39,000 [19,000 - 78,000] 45,000 [23,000 - 86,000]
Gambia 6,800 [1,800 - 24,000] 6,700 [1,800 - 24,000] 6,300 [1,700 - 23,000]
Ghana * 350,000 [210,000 - 560,000] 330,000 [200,000 - 540,000] 320,000 [200,000 - 520,000]
Guinea * 140,000 [51,000 - 360,000] 110,000 [40,000 - 310,000] 130,000 [48,000 - 330,000]
Guinea-Bissau
Guinea Ecuatorial
Kenya 1,200,000 [820,000 - 1,700,000] 1,300,000 [890,000 - 1,800,000] 1,100,000 [760,000 - 1,600,000]
Lesotho * 320,000 [290,000 - 360,000] 320,000 [290,000 - 360,000] 300,000 [270,000 - 330,000]
Liberia 100,000 [47,000 - 220,000] 86,000 [37,000 - 190,000] 96,000 [44,000 - 200,000]
Madagascar 140,000 [68,000 - 250,000] 100,000 [50,000 - 180,000] 130,000 [66,000 - 220,000]
Malawi * 900,000 [700,000 - 1,100,000] 850,000 [660,000 - 1,100,000] 810,000 [650,000 - 1,000,000]
Mali 140,000 [44,000 - 420,000] 130,000 [40,000 - 390,000] 120,000 [40,000 - 380,000]
Mauricio
Mauritania 9,500 [4,500 - 17,000] 6,300 [3,000 - 11,000] 8,900 [4,400 - 15,000]
Mozambique 1,300,000 [980,000 - 1,700,000] 1,200,000 [930,000 - 1,600,000] 1,200,000 [910,000 - 1,500,000]
Namibia 210,000 [180,000 - 250,000] 200,000 [170,000 - 230,000] 200,000 [170,000 - 230,000]
Niger 70,000 [36,000 - 130,000] 56,000 [28,000 - 110,000] 64,000 [34,000 - 120,000]
Nigeria 3,600,000 [2,400,000 - 5,400,000] 3,400,000 [2,200,000 - 5,000,000] 3,300,000 [2,200,000 - 4,900,000]
Rwanda * 250,000 [170,000 - 380,000] 240,000 [160,000 - 360,000] 230,000 [150,000 - 350,000]
Senegal * 44,000 [22,000 - 89,000] 40,000 [20,000 - 81,000] 41,000 [21,000 - 83,000]
Sierra Leona
Somalia
Sudáfrica * 5,300,000 [4,500,000 - 6,200,000] 5,000,000 [4,200,000 - 5,900,000] 5,100,000 [4,300,000 - 5,900,000]
Swaziland ** 220,000 [210,000 - 230,000] 210,000 [190,000 - 220,000] 200,000 [190,000 - 210,000]
Rep. Unida de Tanzanía * 1,600,000 [1,200,000 - 2,300,000] 1,600,000 [1,100,000 - 2,200,000] 1,500,000 [1,100,000 - 2,000,000]
Togo 110,000 [67,000 - 170,000] 100,000 [65,000 - 160,000] 96,000 [61,000 - 150,000]
Uganda * 530,000 [350,000 - 880,000] 620,000 [420,000 - 980,000] 450,000 [300,000 - 730,000]
Zambia 920,000 [730,000 - 1,100,000] 890,000 [710,000 - 1,100,000] 830,000 [680,000 - 1,000,000]
Zimbabwe 1,800,000 [1,500,000 - 2,000,000] 1,700,000 [1,500,000 - 2,000,000] 1,600,000 [1,400,000 - 1,900,000]
Asia oriental 900,000 [450,000 - 1,500,000] 680,000 [340,000 - 1,100,000] 900,000 [450,000 - 1,500,000]
China 840,000 [430,000 - 1,500,000] 660,000 [320,000 - 1,100,000] 830,000 [430,000 - 1,400,000]
Rep. de Corea 8,300 [2,700 - 16,000] 5,600 [1,800 - 11,000] 8,300 [2,700 - 16,000]
Rep. Pop. Dem. de Corea
Hong Kong R.A.E. 2,600 [1,300 - 4,400] 2,700 [1,300 - 4,400] 2,600 [1,300 - 4,300]
Japón 12,000 [5,700 - 19,000] 12,000 [5,800 - 20,000] 12,000 [5,700 - 19,000]
Mongolia <500 [<1,000] <200 [<400] <500 [<1,000]
Oceania 32,000 [21,000 - 46,000] 24,000 [16,000 - 35,000] 31,000 [21,000 - 45,000]
Australia 14,000 [6,800 - 22,000] 12,000 [6,000 - 20,000] 14,000 [6,600 - 22,000]
Fiji 600 [200 - 1,300] <500 [<1,000] 600 [200 - 1,200]
Nueva Zelandia 1,400 [480 - 2,800] 1,200 [420 - 2,400] 1,400 [500 - 2,800]
Papua Nueva Guinea 16,000 [7,800 - 28,000] 10,000 [4,900 - 17,000] 16,000 [7,700 - 26,000]

 

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